Obstetric Care During The Second Trimester

10 August 2023
 Categories: , Blog

The second trimester of pregnancy is often considered the most comfortable and enjoyable period for many women. It is the time when the nausea and fatigue of the first trimester subside, and the baby bump becomes more noticeable.

However, it is also a crucial time for the health and development of both the mother and the baby. As a result, it requires regular and attentive obstetric care.

Here are a few types of obstetric care that are often provided during the second trimester.

Prenatal Visit

You will typically have a prenatal visit every few weeks unless your doctor advises otherwise. During these visits, your doctor will check your weight, blood pressure, urine, and fundal height (the distance from your pubic bone to the top of your uterus). They will also listen to your baby's heartbeat and movements. Moreover, they will ask you about any symptoms or concerns you may have.


You will likely have an ultrasound scan to check your baby's anatomy, growth, and position. This is also the time when you can find out your baby's sex if you wish. An ultrasound can also detect some birth defects or abnormalities, such as spina bifida, cleft lip, or heart problems.

Blood Tests

You may have a blood test to check for certain genetic disorders or chromosomal abnormalities, such as Down syndrome, trisomy 18, or trisomy 13. This test is optional and depends on your age, family history, and personal preference. You may also have a blood test to check for gestational diabetes, a condition that causes high blood sugar levels during pregnancy.

Glucose Tolerance Test

If you have a positive screening test for gestational diabetes, you will need to take a glucose tolerance test. This test involves drinking a sugary liquid and having your blood drawn at different intervals to measure how your body processes glucose. If you have gestational diabetes, you will need to follow a special diet and exercise plan and possibly take medication or insulin injections to control your blood sugar levels.

Rh Factor Test

If you have not done so in the first trimester, you may have a blood test to determine your Rh factor status. Rh factor is a protein that is present on the surface of red blood cells. If you are Rh-negative and your baby is Rh-positive, there is a risk of Rh incompatibility, which can cause serious problems for your baby. To help resolve the incompatibility, you may receive injections of Rh immunoglobulin.

To learn more about obstetric care during the second trimester, contact an obstetrician in your local area.